The Iranian role in Lebanon and Syria, domination and subjugation
The dramatic political/security scene in Lebanon and Syria is not different from what Iraq, Yemen and Al-Ahwaz suffer from as a result of Iran’s occupation and its penetration into the depths of these countries. They wreaked havoc and destruction to the components of these countries, as these militias worked to fragment their social fabric and destroy their political, economic, cultural, religious and social structures, in line with the interests of the Zionist entity. The Iranian officials had expressed in their statements that they had taken control of four Arab capitals, Baghdad, Damascus, Sana’a, and Beirut.
Lebanon today, collapsed and torn after Iraq and Yemen, is a blatant example of Iranian interference in its internal affairs. This country, which was considered the beacon of the East, made Iran, through the political system associated with it, a disintegrated country with all its components in the service of its expansion projects, and the use of its arena for bargains and a card on the negotiating table regarding the Iranian nuclear file.
The beginning of the Iranian penetration in Lebanon began in the eighties of the last century through the establishment of a political and military organization with a sectarian and sectarian dimension, claiming to fight Israel, and how can one believe this claim at a time when Iran obtains weapons from Israel, just to remind the biggest scandals between Iran and America that knew B (Irangate / Iran Contra scandal), when Hezbollah in the eighties, ordered by Iran, kidnapped Western hostages in Beirut in exchange for them in order for Iran to obtain weapons from America through Israeli mediation during the war with Iraq.
This organization, financed financially, militarily, and logistically by Iran, was able, over these years, to seize all the joints of the Lebanese state and to control all its components, security, political, economic, and judicial. It can be said that he played the role of political guardianship over Lebanon after the Syrian army left Lebanon in 2005 after an existence that lasted 30 years, following the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. During this period, Hezbollah won the parliamentary elections with a large parliamentary bloc. At that time, the Iranians expressed their happiness with this victory, when Qassem Soleimani declared Iran’s victory by winning a parliamentary majority in the Lebanese parliament. Hence, a new phase of the power struggle began. The country witnessed nearly six years of open conflict, over the options of foreign alliances, and over the position of the International Tribunal for the assassination of Hariri. The conflict was punctuated by assassinations targeting intellectuals, journalists, politicians, and security personnel from the camp opposed to the Syrian presence and linked to the Iranian role represented by the Hezbollah militia. During this period, Hezbollah fought a fierce war with the Israeli enemy against the backdrop of the kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers in July 2006. This war devastated Lebanon while making Hezbollah employ its “steadfastness” to overturn the balance of government in Lebanon, by seizing all the state’s security and political institutions. It is decided in war and peace.
In Syria, the outbreak of the Syrian revolution in 2011 constituted the most prominent and profound development in Hezbollah’s political path, Lebanese and political, as Iran plunged desperately into and around this conflict because it seems that Syria (the main and only ally of Iran) constitutes an obligatory corridor towards Lebanon, the Iranian port on the Mediterranean. Fearing a change in the balance of power in Syria, Iran pushed to involve Hezbollah in the battles under the direct supervision of Qassem Soleimani, the commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, after falsely promoting that the “Shiite” religious shrines in Damascus were under threat. From this window, Iran penetrated into the depth of the Syrian conflict through its militias (Iranian, Iraqi and Lebanese, in addition to mercenaries of other nationalities). Where Hezbollah committed massacres in many Syrian cities and villages, and deserted their people, at the same time, Iran’s militias had begun a massive Shi’ite campaign in Subra in order to change the demographic and religious and cultural identity of the Syrian Arab people, and the new one was the dismissal of the Mufti of Syria and the replacement of his powers with the “Scholarly Jurisprudence Council.” It consists of Syrians and Iranians, which made the danger greater in changing the demographic structure of the Syrians and creating another chasm commensurate with the demographic change, which contradicts the Syrian Arab component, in addition to changing the names of some historical monuments in Syria associated with the Umayyad era.
In the end, Iran relies on its strongest arm represented by the Hezbollah militia in its policy towards Lebanon and the Arab countries, and its endeavors to change the geopolitical and strategic situation throughout the Arab region, in the interest of Iranian power, whether ideologically or in terms of security and mobilization influence for all countries within this field The Iranian Hezbollah has become the largest and most difficult figure in this equation, through its huge arsenal of weapons, which is the largest military arsenal for a military organization outside the framework of the regular armies, which in turn is able to turn the balance of power, whether on the Lebanese or regional level in the service of the Iranian / Persian expansive project.
By: Nehmat Bayan