Consultant Dr. Shehab Azazi
Iran influenced the Gulf region, through Yemen, to enhance its position in the region and strengthen its position both in the face of other regional parties and international powers. Therefore, Iran sought to play an active role in Yemen based on pragmatic interests, doctrinal and ideological considerations, and using methods and tools through focusing To establish partnerships with actors other than the state, especially with the Ansar Allah group, as an attempt by Iran to change the Yemeni political balances and equations, which allowed it to strengthen its influence in Yemen, and thus influence the political equations and balances in the regional neighborhood, and its repercussions on regional security, and on International waterways are as follows:
First: The Iranian interventionist activities in Yemen, as in other regional neighboring countries, stem primarily from Iran’s security concerns and its desire to achieve its national security, by pursuing offensive policies aimed at changing the balances in its favour.
Second: Iran aims to empower its allies to rule in Yemen, and push the Yemeni state towards more chaos, which would allow Iran a wider scope for its role and influence to harm the security and stability of the regional neighborhood, mainly Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states.
Third: The Iranian role in Yemen is linked to Iran’s own capabilities and the positions of international and regional parties, including America, Russia, and Saudi Arabia, and its repercussions on regional security, neighboring countries, the security of international sea lanes, and the growing threat of extremist organizations.
Fourth: Iran’s desire to control the seaports of the strategic importance of the Bab al-Mandab Strait, as it is the passage that controls global trade between the continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe, because Yemen is the one that controls the passage that is only 4.8 km away
Fifth: Iran’s attempt to exploit its presence in Yemen in the circle of its rivalry and its hidden conflict with the Arab Gulf states, specifically Saudi Arabia, to generate harassment and problems for these countries, especially with the presence of Houthi and Shiite groups in northern Yemen and the Arab Gulf states.
Sixth: Iran takes Yemen as a starting point for East Africa, within the framework of its policies to expand the circle of its relations and influence on the African continent. Iran is trying to adopt a policy of exporting its internal problems abroad in light of the internal and external problems that Iran faces.
Seventh: Iran’s “revolution” seeks through its presence in Yemen to restore the idea of spreading the Shiite sect, especially in countries where there are sectarian groups that condemn the same sect, where the Shiite Houthi presence in Yemen and with some Arab Gulf states, Iraq and Lebanon.
the proposed solution:
The conclusion of the solution proposed to get Iran out of Yemen is to form a committee from the Yemeni side through the Yemeni National Coalition far from the parties to the conflict, and a committee from the international community to form an operations room to develop a plan of action, team building, and international relations to build a new system for Yemen’s friends from neutral countries